Scars can be the result of an accident, dermatological condition or surgical procedure.  Scars can be depressed, raised (hypertrophic), shiny, smooth or rough in appearance.  They can be completely void of color (hypopigmentation) or darker than the natural skin coloring (hyperpigmentation).  Normally, as scars heal they go through several color changes.  Some scars heal with reddish or bluish undertones. 


The texture of scar tissue is usually tougher and thicker then normal skin.  Depending on the type of instrument being used, the tough texture of most scars requires the Micropigmentation Specialist to exert a little more manual pressure for the needle to penetrate through the scar.  A side benefit of micropigmenting scar tissue is the process breaks up the scar’s tough texture, softening and flattening the scar.  Scars should not undergo a micropigmentation procedure until the color has stabilized which may take several months to one to two years. 


After certain cosmetic surgeries (for example facelifts), scars are left behind the ears and along the scalp line.  These scars are usually white (hypopigmented).  Using a variety of camouflaging techniques, these scars can be micropigmented to match the patient’s natural skin color resulting in less visible scars.  The Specialist should try to match the patient’s natural skin color by custom blending flesh tone colors.  As scars are hardened tissue, for the first application the scattered needle pigmenting methodology is usually favored.  The color of the first application must be very light.  The camouflage procedure can be completed within two or three visits.


Hypopigmented (depigmented) scars are the easiest to camouflage to near natural skin tone colors.  Dark colored (hyperpigmented) scars are very difficult to color match to the surrounding skin area.  With extreme care in custom blending colors hyperpigmented scars can be restored somewhat successfully.  It is one of the most complicated treatments and one that does not give satisfactory results 100% of the time.  Scars having a crinkled appearance such as stretch marks are also challenging to camouflage.  It is not always the skin tone color that concerns the patient but the skin texture.  In any of these cases, it is always necessary to use the dotting technique so as not to cover with another color since the result would be too artificial.  Color patch tests must always be carried out first since scars can modify the color implanted very easily.


As a precaution, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist about the condition of the scar. If it is a stable scar and does not have the risk of becoming keloid, the physician will often consent to the Micropigmentation procedure.



Periareola Scars


These scars are caused mainly by breast augmentation or reduction cosmetic surgeries.  A white "circle" is formed around the areola sometimes even cutting out part of the areola.  The solution is to create a camouflage with Micropigmentation to achieve an optical effect by which the scar can go unnoticed.


Usually, a 3 or 5 prong needle is used to micropigment the scar using the dotting or scattering technique to camouflage the scar with the appropriate color.  The last touch up will be carried out with a flat, four-tip needle with the scattering technique to “tone down” the scar.




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